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Sample Ultimate Price

CHAPTER 1    I   CONTENTS    I


Chapter 1 The Ultimate Price

 

In 1788 the First Fleet arrived in Australia. The fleet landed in Botany Bay and after it was found the bay was not suitable for the establishment of the new colony, quickly relocated North to Sydney Harbour in the area that had been given the name New South Wales. A large part of the charter of this endeavour was ridding England of its criminals and the setting up of penile colonies in this new land. With this in mind it was inevitable that as this settlement grew the colonists would need a strong, well organised police force.

Very early in the life of new Australia, as colonies were quickly established right around the continent in places that would eventually become states in their own right like Victoria, Queensland and South Australia. Also a new settlement on the West coast of Australia named Western Australia and a Territory in the Northern coastal area that would be named the Northern Territory. These areas along with the island on the South East tip of Australia that in time would be called Tasmania, would need a police force to enforce the laws of the new colonies and protect the citizens.

In the early stages of the colonies the military had the responsibility of both protecting the colonies from possible foreign forces and the native aboriginal population as well as enforcing the laws. This would not do and was not sustain- able as a way of getting things done. A police force would need to be raised and trained and put out into these new communities.

New settlers, predominantly from Britain, began to flood into the land and push the boundries of the various colonial establishments further into the interior of the land. There were a mixture of poor settlers, wealthy land owners and mer- chants, freed convicts, escaped convicts, imprisoned convicts, and adventurers as well as the native populations who had themselves colonised the land thousands of years prior to the arrival of the new colonials.

The Americans called their new frontiers the Wild West, they called their mounted criminals outlaws and their indig- enous population, Indians. Australia with its mixed band of a very diverse population was exactly the same except their outlaws were more commonly known as Bush Rangers and the indigenous population were known as natives, soon to be changed to aboriginals.

This was a wild place where murder, revenge killings, rape, horrific crimes against both black and white communities and every manner of more ‘mild’ crime was common place. In these formative years Australia was a very dangerous place to try and exist. The carrying of firearms by the settlers, or a variety of native weapons including spears, clubs and boomerangs was the norm for this melting pot of a new society.

Into this land of common and extreme violence stepped the newly established police force.

The new organisation tasked with trying to establish law, peace and order into this dangerous environment was made up of ex military men, free settlers and quite commonly, released convicts.

It was often poorly trained, poorly equipped with sub standard mounts, (horses), outgunned by Bush rangers armed with better firearms and in general poorly equipped and paid.

In these early years, under such conditions it is a wonder it was able to function to the level of dedication and enthusiasm it on many occasions was able to exhibit.

These first Australian police officers would be placed in deadly danger as a regular part of their duties and tragically many would pay the ultimate price. At the time of writing this book, 758 police officers including native trackers, have been killed in the line of duty.

It would not be long before those first police officers would experience the reality of just how dangerous the job was.

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Contents

 Dedication i
 Preface iii
 Contents v
 List of Figures vi
 The Ultimate Price 1
 Catalogue of Police Killed on Duty 4
 Roll of Honour 415
 National Police Remembrance Day 29th September 462
 Bibliography 464
 Index 483
 

List of Figures

Figure 1: Australian colonial police with native trackers in pursuit of bushrangers 23
Figure 2: Colonial police troopers and natives skirmish alongside a creek, mid 1800s  28
Figure 3: Bushrangers robbing a stage coach 38
Figure 4: Bushrangers Martin cash 42
Figure 5: The body of Morgan, set up to pose with his revolver 68
Figure 6: Death of notorious bushranger Morgan 68
Figure 7: Bushranger Ben Hall and his gang holding up a coach 72
Figure 8: Ben Hall 73
Figure 9: Constable Samuel Nelson 74
Figure 10: The murderous Clarke brothers 76
Figure 11: Shoot out between police and bushrangers, 1865, in which bushranger Gilbert is shot and killed 78
Figure 12: Bushrangers holding up a stage coach 83
Figure 13: Colonial police and native trackers 91
Figure 14: Native police with prisoner 93
Figure 15: Australia’s most famous or infamous bushranger, Ned Kelly 102
Figure 16: Shoot out between police and bushrangers holed up in farm buildings, NSW 107
Figure 17: Colonial police officer rests on his horse as Native police trackers check for signs of the criminals they are tracking 109
Figure 18: A skirmish between colonial police and Natives near Green Creek, Queensland 113
Figure 19: Constable Patrick Moynihan, killed in action at Gallipoli, Turkey, 1915 178
Figure 20: Constable Brett Irwin 404
Figure 21: Senior Constable David Rixon 409
Figure 22: Detective Inspector Bryan Anderson 411
Figure 23: Sergeant Geoffrey Richardson 414

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